Illustrator's Pattern Tool

Since version CS6 we have the power of the Pattern Tool to achieve the same result. Let's start by creating the object we need to create this pattern.

Create the Pattern Fragment

Before getting started, download the Adobe Illustrator template that I've prepared for you. This document (in RGB mode) contains an 'empty' canvas with the 3 color swatches in the Swatch panel.

1. Select the Polygon Tool

Open the template document in Illustrator, and select the Polygon tool. It's also recommend to have Smart Guides turned on. Go to View > Smart Guides.

Select the Polygon tool, Option/Alt click and Create a Hexagon of 100px Radius

2. Create a Hexagon

Click somewhere on the canvas, and enter in the box that appears 100 px as radius value, and 6 for the amount of sides.

3. Add Fill & Stroke

Give the hexagon the red fill and a brown stroke. Go to the Appearance panel (Window > Appearance), and change the stroke width to 75 px. Then select this stroke layer in the Appearance panel and click the little document icon button at the bottom of the panel to duplicate this stroke layer on top of the current one. Change the color to orange and give it a 25 px width.

Give the Hexagon a Red fill and Thick Brown Stroke of 75pt with a 25pt Orange Stroke on Top

4. Rotate by 30°

With the hexagon still selected, go to the Tools panel and select the Rotate tool. In case this tool isn't visible, click and hold down on the reflect tool. Hold down the Option/Alt key and click in the center of the hexagon. Enter 30° and click OK.

Rotate by 30°

5. Add Vertical Line

Select the Pen tool from the tools panel and draw a short vertical line to connect the 2 brown top corners of the hexagon, as shown in the image below. With Smart Guides turned on you should get indications of the begin and end point of the line. Give the line a brown stroke width of 25 px. Make sure to remove the red fill and orange stroke style from the appearance panel if needed (select the layer and click the trash icon at the bottom).

Add Vertical Line

6. Expand Appearance

Select the polygon and the vertical line and to go to Object > Expand Appearance.

Expand Appearance, and Expand

7. Expand

Now go to Object > Expand… Leave Fill and Stroke checked and click OK.

8. Add Anchor Point

Select the Pen tool from the Tools panel and click on the path segment of the outer brown hexagon as shown below to add an anchor point on the path. Make sure you see the plus sign on the Pen cursor first once you hover the path segment before you click the path segment.

Add Anchor Point and Move it Down

9. Move Anchor Point

Select the Direct Selection tool, or white arrow, to select only this new anchor point, and move (drag) it to the position as shown in the image above.

10. Move Another Anchor Point

Now select the top anchor point of the outer brown hexagon and move it downwards as shown in the image below.

Move Another Anchor Point and Copy Rotate the Object by 180°

11. Copy Rotate 180°

Select the Rotate tool again from the Tools panel, hold down the Option/Alt key and click somewhere to the top right of the hexagon. In the window that appears enter 180° and click the Copy button to duplicate the object.

12. Move the Copied Object into Place

Select the copied object and move it into the right position as shown in the image below. The orange and brown lines should be seamlessly connected. If you have Smart Guides on (View > Smart Guides), you should get some snapping indication. Hit Cmd/Ctrl + Y to switch to Outline mode and zoom in if needed for accuracy. Then hit Cmd/Ctrl + Y Again to go back to Preview mode

Move the Copied Object into Place

Create the Pattern Swatch

13. Make the Pattern

With the last step done, we now have our pattern fragment finished to create a pattern tile with Illustrator's Pattern tool. Select the entire object and go to Object > Pattern > Make.

Make the Pattern - a New Pattern Swatch has Been Added in the Swatches Panel

14. New Pattern Swatch has Been Added

The warning message appears telling you there has been a new Pattern Swatch added in the Swatches panel and that any changes you make in Pattern mode will be applied to this swatch. If you want to create more variations from this pattern swatch in a later phase it's best to first duplicate the swatch in the Swatches panel and double click the duplicated version to edit it, so you'll sure your original stays untouched. Click OK.

15. Give the New Pattern a Name

First you can give your pattern swatch a name. As you can see, the result by default is not what we want, but in this Pattern mode, we'll fix this in no time.

Give the New Pattern a Name

Give the New Pattern a Name

16. Remove Horizontal Gap

First we'll remove the horizontal gap. We can leave the 'Tile Type' to Grid. Next we make sure both 'Size Tile to Art' and 'Move Tile with Art' are checked. Below we enter a H Spacing of -137 px. How do I know this exact value, you say? Well, I just entered some value first to see what happened. I immediately figured I needed a big negative value. Then I used the up/down arrow keys to move the muted tile pixel by pixel by changing the value by 1 increment. I ended up with -137 px.

Remove the Horizontal Gap

Remove the Horizontal Gap

17. Remove Vertical Gap

Then I did the same for the vertical gap, and when I was almost close I used the up/down arrow keys to have it perfectly fit. I ended up with -93 px.

Remove Vertical Gap

Remove Vertical Gap

18. Apply the Pattern

Once you have the perfect result, you can click the 'Done' link button at the top left of the canvas to leave Pattern Mode. You can move the pattern fragment somewhere outside your document to save it as an extra back-up if you like, or you can simply delete it. Now you can apply the pattern on a rectangle (or any other) shape. Draw a rectangle that covers your entire document and apply the pattern swatch as a fill. If the pattern is too big, you can scale it down by using the Resize tool. Select the Resize tool from the Tools, Alt/Option click on the rectangle and make sure to only check the 'Transform Patterns' option. Also check Preview to see the direct result, and enter a value you see fit. Click OK.

Apply the Pattern Fill

Apply the Pattern Fill


This shows just a small bit of what you can do in Pattern Mode. We haven't even looked at the other Tile Types like Brick by Column, Brick by Row, Hex by Column, and Hex by Row. Duplicate the swatch (in the Swatches panel by selecting the pattern swatch and dragging it over the document icon at the bottom of the panel, or choose Duplicate Swatch from the panel's menu), double click it and start editing: colors, shape etc. Start with another shape and create new ones. It might need some head scratching to achieve the result you want, but sometimes you end up with surprising results. The possibilities are just endless. Have fun!

Experimenting in Pattern Mode

Experimenting in Pattern Mode

Here are just a couple of iterations I made starting from this Hexagon Shape:

2 Examples With the Pattern Object on the Left, and the Pattern Swatch Applied on the Right.